Wednesday, February 11, 2015 4:21 AM

The Fine Tuning Just Got Finer

Wednesday, February 11, 2015 4:21 AM
Wednesday, February 11, 2015 4:21 AM

Every now and then science, even though it hopes not to, validates God. I once researched the processes that make the universe function and found out how finely tuned these processes are. Such as gravity, if it were ever so minutely weaker or stronger the universe would not exist. But wait, I than discovered that it was not just gravity, but over 100 other processes were just as finely tuned…the odds of only 8 of them being by chance is more time than is possible for the age of the universe and more zeros than you could write on one page. Now they discover that there is another process that is just as improbable by chance.

At the Juelich Supercomputer Centre [in Germany] the physicists found that just a slight variation in the light quark mass will change the energy of the Hoyle state, and this in turn would affect the production of carbon and oxygen in such a way that life as we know it wouldn't exist.

How slight a variation is needed for life to not exist; just 2 to 5 percent of the weight of a proton? How little mass does a proton have…see the footnote and you will find that it is mind boggling small and therefore the odds of life existing on earth is mind boggling small for just this one process, but remember there are 100 others just as mind boggling small.

The Bible tells us that in God all things hold together.

Col 1:16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. Col 1:17 And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together.



What are the exact relative masses of protons, neutrons and electrons?

Protons and neutrons have nearly the same mass while electrons are much less massive. If we assume that a neutron has a mass of 1, then the relative masses are:

Neutron = 1
Proton = 0.99862349
Electron = 0.00054386734

Said another way, protons are only about 99.86% as massive as neutrons while electrons are only about 0.054% as massive as neutrons. While relative masses are nice if you want to compare protons, neutrons and electrons to one another, it doesn't tell you what the actual masses of these particles are. In kilograms, the masses are:

Neutron = 1.6749286*10-27 kg
Proton = 1.6726231*10-27 kg
Electron = 9.1093897*10-31 kg

There is another unit, called an electron volt (eV), that scientists use when talking about small things like protons, neutrons and electrons. An electron volt is actually a measurement of energy, but scientists can get away with using it to measure mass since mass and energy are related by Einstein's famous equation, E = mc2. So, in terms of MeV (Megaelectron volts, 1 MeV = 1,000,000 eV), the masses are:

Neutron = 939.56563 MeV
Proton = 938.27231 MeV
Electron = 0.51099906 MeV

BY: Steve Gagnon, Science Education Specialist


"The Hoyle state of carbon is key," Lee says. "If the Hoyle state energy was at 479 keV [479,000 electron volts] or more above the three alpha particles [helium-4 nuclei], then the amount of carbon produced would be too low for carbon-based life.

"The same holds true for oxygen," he adds. "If the Hoyle state energy were instead within 279 keV of the three alphas, then there would be plenty of carbon. But the stars would burn their helium into carbon much earlier in their life cycle. As a consequence, the stars would not be hot enough to produce sufficient oxygen for life. In our lattice simulations, we find that more than a 2 or 3 percent change in the light quark mass would lead to problems with the abundance of either carbon or oxygen in the universe." (Evolution News & Views)

The team finds that an up quark weighs 2.01 +/- 0.14 megaelectron-volts, whereas a down quark weighs 4.79 +/- 0.16 MeV. That’s 0.214% and 0.510% of the mass of the proton, respectively. (Adrian Cho-Science Live)

« back