Scripture identifies a close link between righteousness and faith; part of “being in a right relationship with God” is believing and trusting in him. The NT does not see faith simply in terms of moral righteousness, but also in terms of a living trusting relationship with God. Scripture affirms the righteousness of God and Jesus Christ in all their activity.
Consequences of Jesus Christ’s righteousness:
God justifies believers on account of the righteousness of Jesus Christ Ro 5:18-19 See also Ro 3:23-26; 1Pe 3:18; 2Pe 1:1
All who believe share in the righteousness of Jesus Christ 1Co 1:30 See also Ro 3:21-22; 4:6,24; 9:30; 10:3-4; 2Co 5:21
Believers live by and for Jesus Christ’s righteousness Php 1:11 One of Paul’s prayers for Christians. See also Ro 6:18; 8:10; 1Pe 2:24
True righteousness is the result of the action of God:
Ro 8:3-4; Eph 4:24; 1Jn 2:29 See also Ro 6:13,16-20; 8:10; 14:17; Gal 5:5; Eph 5:9; Php 1:11; Heb 12:11; Jas 3:18; 1Pe 2:24; 1Jn 3:10
Human righteousness compared with God’s righteousness:
Human beings cannot by themselves achieve righteousness in the sight of God Ecc 7:20; Isa 64:6; Mt 5:20 See also Pr 21:2; Da 9:18; Mt 23:28; Lk 16:15; 18:9; Ro 3:10,20; Php 3:6-7
Imputation is the crediting by God to believers with righteousness on account of Jesus Christ. Paul argues that Abraham did nothing which earned him the status of being righteous in the sight of God. Rather, Abraham believed the promise of God and for that reason was granted the status of being righteous before God. Likewise, all who trust in Jesus Christ have righteousness imputed to them--that is, reckoned as if it was theirs. Imputation should not be confused with impartation. Believers are not made right ethically (impartation), but put right relationally (imputation). What God changes is not the character of believers but their legal standing before him. From this new position, believers are called to co-operate with the Holy Spirit in sanctification so that their character increasingly reflects their new standing.
Righteousness imputed through faith not works:
The example of Abraham Ro 4:1-3 See also Ge 15:1-6; Ro 4:9-22; Gal 3:6-9
The testimony of David Ro 4:6-8 See also Ps 32:1-2
The principle holds true for everyone Ro 4:4-5,23-24 See also 1Co 1:30; 2Co 5:19; Gal 3:7-9; Php 3:9
Believers’ sins are imputed to Jesus Christ 2Co 5:21
Imputed righteousness expresses itself in good works.
 Manser, M. H. (1999). Zondervan Dictionary of Bible Themes. The Accessible and Comprehensive Tool for Topical Studies. Grand Rapids, MI: ZondervanPublishingHouse.
Published on Tuesday, January 15, 2013 @ 4:29 AM CDT