Lk 23:53 Then he took it down and wrapped it in a linen shroud and laid him in a tomb cut in stone, where no one had ever yet been laid. Lk 23:54 It was the day of Preparation, and the Sabbath was beginning.
Jn 19:42 So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.
Term used in Scripture for the day before the Sabbath. Each of the Gospels refers to a day that it calls “the Preparation” (Mt 27:62; Mk 15:42; Lk 23:54; Jn 19:14, 31, 42), Mark calling it “the day before the Sabbath.” The Jews did not have specific names for the days (preferring to speak of “the first [second, etc.] day of the week.” But the Sabbath was distinctive, and the previous day was used to prepare for this weekly day of rest and worship. Thus what we call “Friday” the Jews called “Preparation.” What was “prepared” is not said. But as no work could be done on the Sabbath, preparations had to be made for food and other necessities.
“The Preparation of the Passover” (Jn 19:14) is often understood to mean “Passover-eve,” the day before Passover, just as “the Preparation” means the day before the Sabbath. There appears, however, to be no specific extra biblical examples of the day before Passover being called “the Preparation” or “the Preparation of the Passover.”
 Elwell, W. A., & Beitzel, B. J. (1988). In Baker encyclopedia of the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.
Published on Friday, April 18, 2014 @ 6:23 AM CDT