fool, i.e., man or person who lacks understanding or even the capacity for understanding, implying he is a rebel and disobedient to the law of God
foolish, stupid, i.e., pertaining to lacking understanding or even the capacity for understanding, implying a willful moral insolence and impudence and disobedience to the law of Go
Fool, dullard. This noun, except for three occurrences in Ps, is found only in Prov and Eccl. In Prov. three words are rendered fool, referring to the dull or obstinate one, referring not to mental deficiency, but to a propensity to make wrong choices, to moral insolence, and to the boorish man of mean disposition.
Folly and fool are opposite to wisdom and wise and refers to a way of life that is enticing to the immature, but can lead to destruction and ruin. Here it sums up the argumentation for either wisdom or folly by stating that wisdom excels folly as light excels darkness(Eccl 2:1–13).
Involved in this conclusion is that wisdom leads a person on the right path to the brightness of the full day while folly entices one to the way that leads into darkness (Prov 4:18–19).
We note the kind of choices which the fool makes. His eyes are unable to see any proper way or conduct. He may roam the earth seeking it, but miss it completely. Apparently he does not concentrate on what is right (Prov 17:24). The fool imagines that he can buy wisdom when actually he has no inclination for it (Prov 17:16). He takes no delight in understanding (Prov 18:2), hates knowledge (Prov 1:22), and therefore does not choose the fear of the Lord (Prov 1:29). The end of the fool’s complacency is destruction (Prov 1:32).
The fool is a serious menace to the community. Associating with a fool, who has a twisted sense of values deprives one of knowledge (Prov 14:7). He can cause serious problems to his fellow man, for he actually enjoys doing wickedness (or lewdness; Lev 18:17; Prov 10:23). A fool’s utterances bring strife and involve him in blows with his adversaries (Prov 18:6). Anyone who befriends him will be destroyed (Prov 13:20). Parents of the fool suffer greatly. His mother is grieved with him (Prov 10:1) and his father can never have any joy over him (Prov 10:1; see also Prov 17:25; 19:13a). Yet for his part, the fool despises his mother (Prov 15:20).
Harris, R. L., Harris, R. L., Archer, G. L., & Waltke, B. K. (1999). Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (electronic ed.) (449–450). Chicago: Moody Press
Published on Tuesday, January 25, 2011 @ 7:23 AM CDT